September 2021

National Artificial Intelligence Strategy from Ethical and Legal Aspects

The National Artificial Intelligence Strategy was announced recently. What are the ethical values and principles adopted by this Strategy? How about the Strategy’s legal goals, and what should the legal policies be?... Read More

June 2021

Does the Bearer Share Certificate Concept Still Have Any Meaning Following the Recent Amendments?

The legislator made significant amendments regarding bearer shares recently. The Board of Directors should notify the Central Securities Depository when they issue bearer share certificates, so should the transferee, when bearer shareholders transfer their bearer share certificates. Well, does the bearer share certificate concept still have any meaning following these amendments?... Read More

March 2021

Electronic Services: Is a Customer’s Mother’s Maiden Name Still an Appropriate Security Question?

Why has the mother’s maiden name become a security question? What has changed, and what is the current state? What can be done?... Read More

December 2020

Can Cryptocurrencies be “Paid in” as Capital Contribution?

Cryptocurrencies are still trendy, with bitcoin having a “value” exceeding USD 25,000 as of 30 December 2020. How about “paying” them in as a capital contribution to a company? In ordinary partnerships? In joint-stock corporations?... Read More

June 2020

Using Cheques as a Loan Mechanism: “Post-dated Cheques”

The economic difficulties brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has influenced the whole world since the beginning of 2020, keep cheque payments and associated issues on the agenda. Post-dated cheques are among these issues. What is a post-dated cheque? Is it legal? Can an electronic cheque be drawn post-dated?... Read More

December 2019

Companies’ Compliance Obligations: Is it Limited to the Law on the Protection of Personal Data?

The Law on the Protection of Personal Data was a priority on almost all companies’ agenda in 2019. However, there are many other local and international regulations that need consideration. What are these regulations, the risks of non-compliance, and the rewards and savings of compliance? What could be the suggestions?... Read More

September 2019

Confusing Concepts: Joint Ventures, Consortia, and Business Partnerships

Due to technological developments, undertaking projects that entail great economic power, technical knowledge, and expertise require the cooperation of companies with different fields of specialization and diverse financial capabilities. Types of such collaboration are often confused with each other... Read More

June 2019

Not a Widely Enjoyed Right: Joint-Stock Corporation Shareholders’ Right to Derivative Suit

Executives may impair corporations and get away with it, as they are the ones who take decisions on behalf of the very corporations. What would the shareholders do in such a situation? The right to derivative suit, “not a widely enjoyed right,” offers a solution to this problem... Read More

March 2019

Law Technologies

Technology enables us to catch up to date in all areas and have options to make life easier. We, lawyers, have been using many technological applications for the last 20 years. What about the technologies that we are not yet using but will start using soon?... Read More